4. Implementation of the EU’s Single-Use Plastics Directive. Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure the separate collection for recycling: by 2025, of an amount of waste single-use plastic products listed in Part F of the Annex equal to 77 % of such single-use plastic products placed on the market in a given year by weight; by 2029, of an amount of waste single-use plastic products listed in Part F of the Annex equal to 90 % of such single-use plastic products placed on the market in a given year by weight. the costs of data gathering and reporting in accordance with point (c) of Article 8a(1) of Directive 2008/98/EC. The calculation methodology shall be developed in a way that allows for the costs of cleaning up litter to be established in a proportionate way. This is why we need to continue to pressure the federal government to keep its … Member States should be able to choose the measures which are the most appropriate based on the nature of the product or its use. Single-use plastic products covered by Article 9 on separate collection and by Article 6(5) on product requirements. Plastic products should be manufactured taking into account their entire life span. The European Strategy for Plastics is a step towards establishing a circular economy in which the design and production of plastics and plastic products fully respect re-use, repair and recycling needs and in which more sustainable materials are developed and promoted. As they are not among the single-use plastic products that are found the most on beaches in the Union, glass and metal beverage containers should not be covered by this Directive. Single-use plastic products are typically intended to be used just once or for a short period of time before being disposed of. In order to clearly define the scope of this Directive, the term ‘single-use plastic product’ should be defined. Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by 3 July 2021. The data and information shall be reported in the format established by the Commission in accordance with paragraph 4. The directive is most well known for setting out a ban on a variety of single-use plastic products within the EU beginning in July 2021. the presence of plastics in the product and the resulting negative impact of littering or other inappropriate means of waste disposal of the product on the environment. The latest draft of the guidelines that will steer the implementation of the Single-Use Plastic Directive aims to more precisely define just what is covered by the new legislation, according to a copy of the document and accompanying annex obtained by POLITICO. A significant proportion of the fishing gear placed on the market is not collected for treatment. Tetra Pak). Provided that the waste management targets and objectives set out in Articles 4 and 8 are achieved, Member States may transpose the provisions set out in Articles 4(1) and 8(1) and (8), except as regards single-use plastic products listed in Section III of Part E of the Annex, by means of agreements between the competent authorities and the economic sectors concerned. As part of the evaluation carried out pursuant to paragraph 1, the Commission shall review the measures taken under this Directive as regards single-use plastic products listed in Section III of Part E of the Annex and shall submit a report on the main findings. Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions (2). Member States shall ensure that single-use plastic products listed in Part C of the Annex that have caps and lids made of plastic may be placed on the market only if the caps and lids remain attached to the containers during the products’ intended use stage. Single-Use Plastics Directive. Member States shall encourage the use of sustainable alternatives to single-use plastic where possible for materials intended to come into contact with food. including food containers used for fast food or other meal ready for immediate consumption, except beverage containers, plates and packets and wrappers containing food. Datenschutz ist uns wichtig. Plastics manufactured with modified natural polymers, or plastics manufactured from bio-based, fossil or synthetic starting substances are not naturally occurring and should therefore be addressed by this Directive. Seit Mitte 2019 gibt es in der EU eine neue Richtlinie zum Umgang mit Einwegplastik. Daten und Fakten über eine Welt voller Plastik. The penalties provided for shall be effective, proportionate and dissuasive. In order to comply with the first subparagraph of this paragraph, each Member State shall monitor the single-use plastic products listed in Part A of the Annex placed on the market and the reduction measures taken and shall report on progress made to the Commission in accordance with paragraph 2 of this Article and Article 13(1) with a view to the establishment of binding quantitative Union targets for consumption reduction. Where the committee delivers no opinion, the Commission shall not adopt the draft implementing act and the third subparagraph of Article 5(4) of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply. Member States will only achieve the recycled content targets set in the Directive, if plastic bottles are collected as a clean, separate waste stream. Single Use Plastic Directive. That implementing act shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2). They also aim to promote the transition to a circular economy with innovative and sustainable business models, products and materials, therefore also contributing to the efficient functioning of the internal … The Union should encourage all producers to strictly limit microplastics in their formulations. That committee shall be a committee within the meaning of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011. Member States shall lay down the rules on penalties applicable to infringements of national provisions adopted pursuant to this Directive and shall take all measures necessary to ensure that they are implemented. (9)  Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) (OJ L 164, 25.6.2008, p. 19). The Member States must apply these measures no later than 2 years after the entry into force of the Directive (i.e. The mandate — Directive (EU) 2019/904 on the reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment (Single-Use Plastics Directive, or the Directive) — introduces measures to prevent and reduce the impact of certain plastic products, and promote transition to a circular economy. Single-use plastic products covered by Article 5 on restrictions on placing on the market. In 2018, the European Commission proposed a Single Use Plastics (SUP) Directive, in order to target the 10 single-use plastic products most often found on Europe’s beaches and in Europe’s seas. any natural or legal person established in one Member State or in a third country that professionally sells in another Member State directly to private households or to users other than private households, by means of distance contracts as defined in point (7) of Article 2 of Directive 2011/83/EU, single-use plastic products, filled single-use plastic products or fishing gear containing plastic, other than persons carrying out fishing activities as defined in point (28) of Article 4 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013; ‘collection’ means collection as defined in point 10 of Article 3 of Directive 2008/98/EC; ‘separate collection’ means separate collection as defined in point 11 of Article 3 of Directive 2008/98/EC; ‘treatment’ means treatment as defined in point 14 of Article 3 of Directive 2008/98/EC; ‘packaging’ means packaging as defined in point 1 of Article 3 of Directive 94/62/EC; ‘biodegradable plastic’ means a plastic capable of undergoing physical, biological decomposition, such that it ultimately decomposes into carbon dioxide (CO2), biomass and water, and is, in accordance with European standards for packaging, recoverable through composting and anaerobic digestion; ‘port reception facilities’ means port reception facilities as defined in point (e) of Article 2 of Directive 2000/59/EC; ‘tobacco products’ means tobacco products as defined in point (4) of Article 2 of Directive 2014/40/EU. By retaining the value of products and materials for as long as possible and generating less waste, the economy of the Union can become more competitive and more resilient, while reducing pressure on precious resources and the environment. Tonnen Plastik produziert. By 3 July 2020, the Commission shall adopt implementing acts laying down the format for reporting data in accordance with points (c) and (d) of paragraph 1 and with paragraph 2 of this Article. One of the main purposes of this directive is to reduce the amount of plastic waste which we create. The Single Use Plastic (SUP) Directive 2019 also forms part of the EU’s Plastic Strategy, and will be transposed into Irish Law by 5 July 2021. By 3 January 2021, the Commission shall adopt implementing acts laying down the format for reporting data and information in accordance with points (a) and (b) of paragraph 1 and with paragraph 2 of this Article. 2. (2)  Council Directive 93/42/EEC of 14 June 1993 concerning medical devices (OJ L 169, 12.7.1993, p. 1). Each Member State shall allow the producers established in another Member State and placing products on its market to appoint a legal or natural person established on its territory as an authorised representative for the purposes of fulfilling the obligations of a producer related to extended producer responsibility schemes on its territory. in case of non-compliance with an agreement Member States shall implement the relevant provisions of this Directive by legislative, regulatory or administrative measures. Other single-use plastic products covered by Article 8(3) on extended producer responsibility. The setting of the separate collection target should be based on the amount of single-use plastic beverage bottles placed on the market in a Member State or alternatively on the amount of waste single-use plastic beverage bottles generated in a Member State. Caps and lids made of plastic which are used for beverage containers are among the single-use plastic items that are found the most on beaches in the Union. 2. The Commission shall be assisted by the Committee established by Article 39 of Directive 2008/98/EC. Wet wipes for personal care and domestic use should also be within the scope of this Directive, whereas industrial wet wipes should be excluded. The latest draft of the guidelines that will steer the implementation of the Single-Use Plastic Directive aims to more precisely define just what is covered by the new legislation, according to a copy of the document and accompanying annex obtained by POLITICO. Certain types of single-use plastics are banned from July 2021. 7. Market restrictions (bans) The plastic products to be banned under the directive include: cutlery (forks, knives, spoons, chopsticks); plates; straws; cotton bud sticks; beverage stirrers; Marine litter is transboundary in nature and is recognised as a growing global problem. Cookies erleichtern die Bereitstellung unserer Dienste. The SUP Directive sets targets for the separate collection for recycling of waste beverage bottles with a capacity of up to three litres by 2025, which is equal to 77% of such single-use plastic products placed on the market, in terms of weight, in a given year, and by 2029, 90% of such single-use plastic products placed on the market, in terms of weight, in a given year. The measures may vary depending on the environmental impact of those single-use plastic products over their life cycle, including when they become litter. That will have a direct, positive impact on the collection rate, the quality of the collected material and the quality of the recyclates, offering opportunities for the recycling business and the market for the recyclates. 2. Die EU Plastik-Richtlinie sendet eine klare Botschaft: Wir müssen unsere Wegwerfkultur und den Plastikmüll überdenken! Member States shall ensure that the producers of the single-use plastic products listed in Sections II and III of Part E of the Annex cover at least the following costs: the costs of the awareness raising measures referred to in Article 10 regarding those products; the costs of cleaning up litter resulting from those products and the subsequent transport and treatment of that litter; and. Juli 2019 in Kraft getreten ist. That implementing act shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2). is intended for immediate consumption, either on-the-spot or take-away, is typically consumed from the receptacle, and. The format developed according to Article 12 of Directive 94/62/EC shall be taken into consideration. Germany approved legislation to already ban certain single use plastic containers. Mit dem Klicken auf "Anmelden" erklären Sie sich mit unseren Datenschutzbestimmungen einverstanden. Die Maßnahmen und die Umsetzungszeitpunkte sind abhängig vom Gegenstand und bestehenden Alternativen. While plastic plays a useful role in the economy and provides essential applications in many sectors, its growing use in short-lived applications, which are not designed for re-use or cost-effective recycling, means that related production and consumption patterns have become increasingly inefficient and linear. Daher hat das EU-Parlament die "Single-Use Plastics (SUP) Directive" beschlossen, die am 2. The Single-Use Plastics Directive adopted by the European Parliament today is an essential element of the Commission's Circular Economy Action Plan as it stimulates the production and use of sustainable alternatives that avoid marine litter. In order to ensure the circular use of plastics, the market uptake of recycled materials needs to be promoted. Reducing marine litter is a key action for the achievement of UN Sustainable Development Goal 14 which calls to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. Laut Prognosen wird die Plastikproduktion bis 2050 nochmal um das Vierfache ansteigen! 2. This consultation proposes the introduction of market restrictions – effectively a ban – on the single-use plastic items included in Article 5 of the EU Directive on the reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment (2019/904). 2. Since the objectives of this Directive, namely to prevent and to reduce the impact of certain single-use plastic products, products made from oxo-degradable plastic and fishing gear containing plastic on the environment and on human health, and to promote the transition to a circular economy, including the fostering of innovative and sustainable business models, products and materials, thus also contributing to the efficient functioning of the internal market, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States but can rather, by reason of the scale and effects of the action, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. The SUP Directive was proposed in May 2018, as part of the European Strategy for Plastics in a Circular Economy, and in less than one year an agreement was reached to tackle single-use plastics in the EU. Member States may impose marketing restrictions in derogation from Article 18 of Directive 94/62/EC for the purposes of preventing such products from becoming litter in order to ensure that they are substituted with alternatives that are re-usable or do not contain plastic. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council (20). Balloons, except balloons for industrial or other professional uses and applications that are not distributed to consumers; Lightweight plastic carrier bags as defined in point 1c of Article 3 of Directive 94/62/EC; Sanitary towels (pads), tampons and tampon applicators. Member States should be able to achieve that minimum target by setting separate collection targets for beverage bottles that are single-use plastic products in the framework of the extended producer responsibility schemes, by establishing deposit-refund schemes or by any other measure that they find appropriate. The Commission shall facilitate the exchange of information and sharing of best practices among Member States on the appropriate measures to meet the targets laid down in paragraph 1, inter alia, on deposit-refund schemes. … Single-use plastic products are made wholly or partly of plastic and are typically intended to be used just once or for a short period of time before they are thrown away. Natural Environment and Waters Secretary General Constantine Aravossis, sent a memo to all state agencies for the abolition of single-use plastics as of February 1, 2021.. By 3 July 2020, the Commission shall adopt an implementing act laying down the methodology for the calculation and verification of the separate collection targets laid down in paragraph 1 of this Article. Those measures shall achieve a measurable quantitative reduction in the consumption of the single-use plastic products listed in Part A of the Annex on the territory of the Member State by 2026 compared to 2022. Die Richtlinie soll die Verschmutzung durch Einweg-Plastik deutlich verringern. Member States shall define in a clear way the roles and responsibilities of all relevant actors involved. The methods of making such reference shall be laid down by Member States. It includes banning expanded polystyrene, oxo-degradable plastics and banning some plastic items. data on the post-consumption waste of single-use plastic products listed in Section III of Part E of the Annex that has been collected in accordance with Article 8(3). The directive, which originates from the Commission’s Plastic Strategy, focuses on reducing marine litter. 1. In addition, some of those measures, in particular marketing restrictions for single-use plastic products, could create barriers to trade and distort competition in the Union. With regard to single-use plastic products for which no suitable and more sustainable alternatives are readily available, Member States should, in line with the polluter-pays principle, also introduce extended producer responsibility schemes to cover the necessary costs of waste management and clean-up of litter as well as the costs of awareness raising measures to prevent and reduce such litter. 3. For beverage containers that are both single-use plastic products and packaging, that requirement is in addition to the essential requirements on the composition and the re-usable and recoverable, including recyclable, nature of packaging set out in Annex II to Directive 94/62/EC. The Commission shall submit a report on the main findings of the evaluation carried out in accordance with paragraph 1 to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee. 3. Single-use plastic products are typically intended to be used just once or for a short period of time before being disposed of. That is the case for restrictions on placing on the market. the costs of cleaning up litter resulting from those products and the subsequent transport and treatment of that litter. Where Member States decide to implement that obligation through marketing restrictions, they should ensure that such restrictions are proportionate and non-discriminatory. Single-Use Plastics Directive (SUPD) Objectives of the SUPD: • Prevent and reduce the impact of certain plastic products on the environment and human health • Promote the transition to a circular economy ‒Plastic productsshouldbemanufactured taking into account their entire life span Meanwhile, the foodservice industry has appeared more hesitant to accommodate reusable packaging due to food safety concerns and the spread of unfounded claims about COVID-19 hygiene issues. The single-use plastic products covered by measures under this Directive are estimated to represent around 86 % of the single-use plastics found, in counts, on beaches in the Union. By 2025, single-use PET bottles have to contain a minimum recycled content of 25 percent, and by 2030, all single-use plastic bottles must contain a minimum recycled content of 30 percent. The Single-Use Plastic Directive (EU) 2019/904 was published in June 2019. an assessment of the need to review the Annex listing single-use plastic products, including as regards caps and lids made of plastic which are used for glass and metal beverage containers; a study of the feasibility of establishing binding collection rates for waste fishing gear and binding quantitative Union targets for the consumption reduction of, in particular, single-use plastic products listed in Part A of the Annex, taking into account consumption levels and already achieved reductions in Member States; an assessment of the change in materials used in the single-use plastic products covered by this Directive as well as of new consumption patterns and business models based on re-usable alternatives; this shall, wherever possible, include an overall life cycle analysis to assess the environmental impact of such products and their alternatives; and. Such agreements shall meet the following requirements: agreements need to specify objectives with the corresponding deadlines; agreements shall be published in the national official journal or an official document equally accessible to the public and transmitted to the Commission; the results achieved under an agreement shall be monitored regularly, reported to the competent authorities and to the Commission and made available to the public under the conditions set out in the agreement; the competent authorities shall make provisions to examine the progress reached under an agreement; and. Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main measures of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive. 2. Unmodified natural polymers, within the meaning of the definition of ‘not chemically modified substances’ in point 40 of Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council (13), should not be covered by this Directive as they occur naturally in the environment. Extended producer responsibility schemes for tobacco products with filters containing plastic should also encourage innovation leading to the development of sustainable alternatives to tobacco product filters containing plastic. Tags: EU directives, greece, Greece news, Greek news, greek news today, law 4736/2020, Natural Environment and Waters Secretary General Constantine Aravossis, non-biodegradable, plastic cutlery, plastic drink stirrers, plastic plates, plastic straws, plastics, single use plastic… Member States should therefore be required to take awareness raising measures ensuring that such information is provided to those consumers and users. As plastic components of fishing gear have high recycling potential, Member States should, in line with the polluter-pays principle, introduce extended producer responsibility for fishing gear and components of fishing gear containing plastic to ensure separate collection of waste fishing gear and to finance environmentally sound waste management of waste fishing gear, in particular recycling. The Commission shall publish guidelines for criteria, in consultation with Member States, on the costs of cleaning up litter referred to in paragraphs 2 and 3. 5. In the Union, 80 to 85 % of marine litter, measured as beach litter counts, is plastic, with single-use plastic items representing 50 % and fishing-related items representing 27 % of the total. In the event of a conflict between those Directives and this Directive, this Directive should prevail within the scope of its application. That implementing act shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2). Die SUP umfasst auch sogenannte Verbundstoffe – wie zum Beispiel plastiküberzogenes Papier oder mit Kunststoff ausgekleideter Karton (z.B. The Commission should be empowered to establish harmonised specifications for the marking and when doing so should, where appropriate, test the perception of the proposed marking with representative groups of consumers to ensure that it is effective and easily understandable. (7)  Directive 2000/59/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 November 2000 on port reception facilities for ship-generated waste and cargo residues (OJ L 332, 28.12.2000, p. 81). Almost a year has passed since the European Parliament and the European Council adopted the Single-use Plastics Directive (SUPD) in summer 2019. Juli 2019 in Kraft getreten ist. Therefore, in the context of the Circular Economy Action Plan laid down in the Communication of the Commission of 2 December 2015 entitled ‘Closing the loop – An EU action plan for the Circular Economy’, the Commission concluded in the European Strategy for Plastics laid down in its Communication of 16 January 2018 entitled ‘A European Strategy for Plastics in a Circular Economy’ that the steady increase in plastic waste generation and the leakage of plastic waste into the environment, in particular into the marine environment, must be tackled in order to achieve a circular life cycle for plastics. Single-use plastic products covered by Article 8(3) on extended producer responsibility. Article 5 of the draft Directive prohibits the marketing of products made from oxo-degradable plastic, as well as the single-use plastic products listed in Part B of the Annex. Member States shall report the data and information electronically within 18 months of the end of the reporting year for which they were collected. Diese Quote ist hoch gesetzt, weil Plastikflaschen deutlich zur Verschmutzung der Natur beitragen. When Member States adopt the measures referred to in this paragraph, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such a reference on the occasion of their official publication. Member States that have marine waters as defined in point 1 of Article 3 of Directive 2008/56/EC shall set a national minimum annual collection rate of waste fishing gear containing plastic for recycling. Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply. The EU Single-Use Plastics Directive was published in 2019, Member States have two years to implement, some aspects a bit longer – here. (21)  Directive 2011/83/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2011 on consumer rights, amending Council Directive 93/13/EEC and Directive 1999/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Council Directive 85/577/EEC and Directive 97/7/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 304, 22.11.2011, p. 64). Juni 2019 über die Verringerung der Auswirkungen bestimmter Kunststoffprodukte auf die Umwelt It is appropriate to allow Member States to choose to implement certain provisions of this Directive by means of agreements between the competent authorities and the economic sectors concerned, provided that certain requirements are met. 5. Plastic bottles There will be a new requirement from 3 July 2024 for single-use plastic beverage containers that have caps and lids made of plastic … Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2). Those requirements should apply to the extended producer responsibility schemes established by this Directive, irrespective of whether their mode of implementation is by legislative act or by means of agreements under this Directive. Other single-use plastic products covered by Article 8(3) on extended producer responsibility. Das ist ein dringend notwendiger erster Schritt, um den gedankenlosen Einsatz von Einwegplastik zu reduzieren und gegen die Vermüllung der Natur anzukämpfen. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2). However, that definition would cover certain natural polymers. The calculation methodology for the costs of cleaning up litter should take into account considerations of proportionality. “The European Strategy for Plastics is a step towards establishing a circular economy in which the design and production of plastics and plastic products fully respect re-use, repair and recycling needs and in which more sustainable materials are developed and promoted.” The definition should exclude plastic products that are conceived, designed and placed on the market to accomplish within their life span multiple trips or rotations by being refilled or re-used for the same purpose for which they are conceived. The large percentage of plastic stemming from discarded fishing gear, including abandoned and lost fishing gear, in marine litter indicates that the existing legal requirements laid down in Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009, Directive 2000/59/EC and Directive 2008/98/EC do not provide sufficient incentives to return such fishing gear to shore for collection and treatment.